Republic of India – Bharat

India Flag

Flag of Republic of Bharat (India)

Many writers have described India as not a country but a continent. India is a huge land mass, that has a range of different climates and people, ranging from extreme cold – Himalayan mountain range to arid deserts of Rajeshthan.

There’s not enough space write everything about India but here are some basic information that you may find useful.

Official Name Bharat (Republic of India)
Capital New Delhi
Flag The colors of the Indian flag were taken from the flag of the Indian National Congress. Dark orange represents courage and sacrifice. Green represents faith, fertility, and chivalry. White represents truth and peace. The emblem in the middle is the Ashok chakra created by Ashoka the Great.
Anthem “Jana gana mana” (“Thou Art the Ruler)

Indian Rupee 
83 Indian Rupee = 1 Pound Sterling 

Government Federal Republic
Head of State President Elected by an electoral college to a five-year term Head of Government Prime minister Appointed by the president Legislature Bicameral legislature Lok Sabha (House of the People) 545 members Rajya Sabha (Council of States) 245 members Voting Qualifications Universal suffrage for all citizens age 18 and older Highest Court Supreme Court.
Map of India

Map of India

Area 3,165,596 sq km (1,222,243 sq mi)
Highest Point Kanchenjunga 8598 m (28,209 ft) above sea level
Lowest Point Sea level along the coast
Average Temperatures

January 14°

July 32° C 

January 24° C

July 27° C 

Average Annual Precipitation 640 mm (25 in) 1810 mm (71 in)
Population 1.25 Billion
Largest Cities Mumbai9,925,891 – Delhi 7,206,704 – Calcutta4,399,819 (1991 census)
Official Languages Hindi, English
Other Languages Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu; many other languages and dialects
Hinduism 78.4%
Islam 14.6%
Sikhism 4%
Christianity 2%
Buddhism and Jainism 1%
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $1.85 trillion
Chief Economic Products Agriculture
Sugarcane, rice, wheat, tea, cotton, jute, vegetables, melons, sorghum, millet, cashews, coffee, spices, livestock Fishing Shrimps and prawns, croakers, Indian oil sardines, Bombay ducks, anchovies, Indian mackerel, marine catfish Mining Iron ore, coal, bauxite, manganese, mica, dolomite, copper, petroleum, natural gas, chromium, lead, limestone, phosphate rock, zinc, gold, silver Manufacturing Textiles, iron and steel, processed agricultural products, machinery, transportation equipment, nonferrous metals, fertilizer, refined petroleum, chemicals, computer software


64%Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing 20%Services 16%Industry Major Exports
Gems and jewelry, engineering goods, garments, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, cotton yarn and fabrics, leather and leather goods, marine products, iron ore, tea, vegetables and fruit, petroleum products, handmade carpets.

Major Imports

Petroleum and petroleum products, nonelectric machinery, precious and semiprecious stones, inorganic chemicals, iron and steel, fertilizers, electrical machinery, resins and plastics.

Foreign Relations

Russia, Israel, China, USA, Iran, UK, Singapore.

The Indian Armed Forces have kept close relations with Russia and Israel buying the majority of weapons from these two countries. The relations with USA continue to warm as both countries fight against terror.

India is a part of the UN and the Non-Aligned Movement. 

1,325,000 Total Armed Forces
2,142,821 Total Reservists 

Major Universities and Colleges 

University of Bombay
University of Calcutta
University of Madras, Chennai 
University of Delhi